THE DORIANS DID NOT EXIST
The article “Exodus: Behind the Scenes” tells us about the role of the Denyens in the Exodus of the Jews from Egypt and the side effect of the Exodus – the disappearance of the Mycenaean civilization.
Here and there it is claimed in publications that the Mycenaean civilization fell as a result of the Dorian tribes’ invasion who came to the Peloponnese from somewhere in the north. This statement cannot cope even with the briefest check:
- the Mycenaean civilization ceased to exist in the mid-12th century BC. At that time, the population of Europe was presented by primitive individuals, wandering alone or in pairs in search of food. Natural food was typically rare that did not allow people to group together (read the article “Who are you, Pharaoh?”). Therefore, the existence of the Dorian TRIBE in Europe at that time is highly doubtful.
- the Mycenaean civilization left us undeniable signs of its highest technological level: the cultivation of plants and animals for food, advanced construction technologies, iron tools and weapons, chariots and ships. Let us try to assume that a Dorian tribe existed. In order to defeat the Mycenaeans, they had to have military technologies that were not inferior to those of the Mycenaeans, and therefore, at the places of their exodus, they had to leave signs of existence of the advanced civilization. No such thing was discovered by archaeologists.
- following the disappearance of the Mycenaean civilization in Greece, the so-called “Dark Ages” came – archeologists claim that no traces of human activity were found on this territory during about 420 years. Where did the highly developed Dorian tribe who defeated Mycenae disappear? There is no answer to this question in publications!
The answer is simple: the Dorians have no relation to the disappearance of Mycenaean civilization in the 12th century BC.
THE DORIANS EXISTED
According to Ancient Greek mythology the Dorians descended from Doros (Δῶρος), great-grandson of Prometheus (Προμηθεύς), Scythians’ king. It is known that Prometheus, chained to the rock, was rescued by Hercules, who killed an eagle that pecked at Prometheus’ liver.
Hercules lived at the end of the 11th century BC (see the article “Where is Hercules buried?”). Consequently, Prometheus’ great-grandson Doros lived, probably, at the end of the 10th century BC. For more than 200 years, from Doros to the beginning of the creation of Greek mythology in the late 8th century BC (read the article “Full Circle”), the number of Doros’ descendants could become significant enough to influence the political processes in Ancient Greece. Therefore, it is not surprising that the Dorians are mentioned in Ancient Greek myths as a significant factor. However, it can be stated with certainty that during the period the Mycenaean civilization decline in the mid-12th century BC, either Doros or the Dorians did not exist yet.
PTOLEMY AND PROMETHEUS
We know two Greek names with a similar structure: Ptolemy and Prometheus.
(Greek) Πτολεμαῖος [ptolemayos] → (Russian) Ptolemy is the name of one of the companions of Alexander the Great (read the article “Alexander the Great – him too?”). In Hebrew, there is a root t-l-m → (Hebrew) תלם (telem) = furrow. The Greek name Πτολεμαῖος, the meaning of which – ‘paving the way, straight, purposeful’, originated from the Hebrew name תלמי [talmai].
Let us give an example of the use of the name Talmai in the Torah:
תורה, ספר ד’ במדבר
יג,כב וַיַּעֲלוּ בַנֶּגֶב וַיָּבֹא עַד-חֶבְרוֹן וְשָׁם אֲחִימַן שֵׁשַׁי וְתַלְמַי, יְלִידֵי הָעֲנָק; וְחֶבְרוֹן שֶׁבַע שָׁנִים נִבְנְתָה לִפְנֵי צֹעַן מִצְרָיִם
Torah, Book 4 Numbers, Chapter 12
22 And they went up into the South, and came unto Hebron; and Ahiman, Sheshai, and Talmai, the children of Anak, were there. Now Hebron was built seven years before Zoan in Egypt.
(Greek) Προμηθεύς [promiteus] → Prometheus is the name of a Scythian king which was brought to Greece by the Denyens’ descendants after their escape from the Assyrians through Scythia (read the article “Full Circle”). Probably, that does not refer to the Scythian king, but a leader of a Denyens group who passed through Scythia during the migration process.
The word Προμηθεύς [promiteus] as well as Πτολεμαῖος [ptolemayos], came to the Greek language from the Hebrew language. The root r-m-t is the result of the distortion of the root r-m-s = (Hebrew) רמס [remes].
The meaning of the root רמס is ‘to trample down, crush, crumple, conquer’. This root is repeatedly used in the Tanakh, for example:
ב כה,יח וַיִּשְׁלַח יוֹאָשׁ מֶלֶךְ-יִשְׂרָאֵל, אֶל-אֲמַצְיָהוּ מֶלֶךְ-יְהוּדָה לֵאמֹר, הַחוֹחַ אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן שָׁלַח אֶל-הָאֶרֶז אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן לֵאמֹר, תְּנָה-אֶת-בִּתְּךָ לִבְנִי לְאִשָּׁה; וַתַּעֲבֹר חַיַּת הַשָּׂדֶה, אֲשֶׁר בַּלְּבָנוֹן, וַתִּרְמֹס, אֶת-הַחוֹחַ
Bible 2 Chronicles
18 Joash king of Israel sent to Amaziah king of Judah, saying, “The thistle that was in Lebanon sent to the cedar that was in Lebanon, saying, “Give your daughter to my son as his wife; then a wild animal that was in Lebanon passed by, and trampled down the thistle.”
The name Prometheus meant “‘trampling down, conquering”. In the 7th century BC. this word has adapted to the emerging Greek language and has become a “prophet”, probably as a sign of the Greeks’ respect for the person of Prometheus
The Greek name Δῶρος [Doros] originated from the Aramaic word דור [dor] = generation, kindred, tribe, messenger.
According to the witnesses of Pharaoh Ramesses II’ contemporaries, a settlement named Dor existed in Canaan as far back as the 13th century BC. It still exists nowadays.
In 1154 BC the Denyens landed on the coast of Gush Dan in the vicinity of the modern city of Tel Aviv, and after a while they migrated north to the area of Mount Hermon (read the article “Full Circle”). A group of the Denyens split off in the process of migration and settled in Dor.
By the end of the 10th c. BC the city of Dor had become an important port city. It is possible that there is a connection between the name of this city and the name of the great-grandson of Prometheus, from whom the Dorians subsequently originated.
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